dsPIC30F Quadrature Encoder Interface (QEI) – Basic Example

This video shows a basic example of using the Quadrature Encoder Interface (QEI) on Microchip’s dsPIC30F4011 microcontroller. I expect that the same approach will work with other microcontrollers in the dsPIC30F family.

In this example, I place two TCRT5000 reflective infrared sensors in front of a spinning black and white checkered disc to generate a pair of quadrature encoded signals. These signals are connected to pins QEA and QEB (the QEI input pins) on the dsPIC. The program shown in the example enables QEI so that the rotation of the disc is recorded in the POSCNT (position count) register. The value of POSCNT is printed via UART every 200 ms, so that it can be monitored on the PC screen.

This is the complete code:

//
// Quadrature Encoder Interface (QEI) example for dsPIC30F4011
// Written by Ted Burke, Last updated 12-4-2017
//

#include <xc.h>
#include <libpic30.h>
#include <stdio.h>
 
// Configuration settings
_FOSC(CSW_FSCM_OFF & FRC_PLL16); // Fosc=16x7.5MHz, i.e. 30 MIPS
_FWDT(WDT_OFF);                  // Watchdog timer off
_FBORPOR(MCLR_DIS);              // Disable reset pin
 
void main()
{
    // Use RD0 to blink an LED so that we can see program in running
    _TRISD0 = 0;
     
    // Setup UART so that we can monitor POSCNT value
    U1BRG = 48;            // 38400 baud @ 30 MIPS
    U1MODEbits.UARTEN = 1; // Enable UART
    
    // To use pins 6 and 7 as QEA and QEB (quadrature encoding inputs)
    // analog input must be disabled on both pins by setting the bits
    // for AN4 and AN5 in the ADPCFG register.
    _PCFG4 = 1;
    _PCFG5 = 1;
    
    // Enable the QEI module (x4 mode with POSCNT reset by MAXCNT match)
    _QEIM = 0b111;

    while(1)
    {
        // Print current value of position counter register
        printf("POSCNT = %d\n", POSCNT);
        
        _LATD0 = 1;         // LED on
        __delay32(3000000); // 100 ms
        _LATD0 = 0;         // LED off
        __delay32(3000000); // 100 ms
    }
}
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